Interprofessional is defined as a group of individuals from different disciplines working and communicating with each other individuals. In the interprofessional learning environment each member provides his/her knowledge, skills, and attitudes to augment and support the contributions of others (Hall and Weaver, 2001).
Interprofessional Education (IPE)
“Interprofessional Education is defined as learning occurring when two or more professions learn with, from and about each other to improve collaboration and the quality of care” (CAIPE, 2002). Effective Interprofessional education improves quality of patient care, focuses on the needs of the learners and learners are active participants in assessing, planning, delivering, and evaluating IPE.
As defined in the Institute of Medicine’s (IOM) Report, Health Professions Education: A Bridge to Quality, (2003) an interdisciplinary (Interprofessional) team is “composed of members from different professions and occupations with varied and specialized knowledge, skills, and methods.” (p. 54) Members of an Interprofessional team communicate and work together, as colleagues, to provide quality, individualized care for patients.
As defined by the IOM (2003), Interprofessional teamwork is defined as a collaborative interaction among interprofessional team members to provide quality, individualized care for patients.
Teamwork is defined as the interaction and relationships between two or more health professionals who work interdependently to provide safe, quality patient care. Teamwork includes the interrelated set of specific knowledge (cognitive competencies), skills (affective competencies), and attitudes (behavioral competencies) required for an interprofessional team to function as a unit (Salas, DiazGranados, Weaver, and King, 2008).
Teams are defined as healthcare professionals working interdependently to achieve specified, shared objectives. The achievement of the shared objectives requires team members to share multiple sources of information, systematic communication, coordination, and cooperation (Salas, DiazGranados, Weaver, and King, 2008).