Module 3: Education Theory
Bloom’s taxonomy is a well established and a commonly used way to think about how people learn. Taxonomy is a fancy word for classification. So, Henry Bloom tried to classify how people learn, and hence we have Bloom’s taxonomy. We present it here because it will probably be helpful to you as a FWE to understand if your learning tasks are in line with “where your student is”. It may be that your task is emphasizing “synthesis” (a higher level of learning), but the student still needs “knowledge” (a lower level of learning).
CAUTION: Reading about Bloom’s can be confusing, because their are several versions of Bloom’s taxonomy being used. Clicking below will take you to a web link to learn more about a common way Bloom’s taxonomy is viewed and used.
Another useful model or educational idea is represented by Edgar Dale's 'Cone of Experience'. Mr. Dale presented this model in the 1950's and 1960's as one way to think about learning activities. In general, his model suggests that the more 'real life' or the more 'active' the learning experience is, the more people learn and retain. This course is not a surprising find for OT's as we use activities as a basis for our treatments. Look at the web link below and consider how you might use the learning activities with your MOT students.
CAUTION: Dale’s Cone of Experience has been co-opted by many groups and the ideas have been combined with other learning models over time. So, I need to mention some caveats with regard to Dale’s Cone of Experience in respect to its presentation in this web link presented below.
1. Just because reading is at the less "useful" end of the code does not mean it is not useful. So, be careful when excluding some of those activities at that end of the cone.
2.This web link (presented below) has a version of the Cone that includes suggested percentages of actual retention. THESE PERCENTAGES have NEVER been verified by anyone. So at best, they are gut feelings on the issue. So take that into consideration when interpreting the Cone.
3. Note on the right side, there are suggested Bloom's taxonomy linkages to the different areas of Dale's Cone. Again, these make sense intuitively in some respects. However, there is not any definitive research to actually substantiate those links as being fully accurate.