Department of Surgery - The Rumbaugh Lab
Kendra Rumbaugh, Ph.D.
Texas Tech Women in Science:
P. aeruginosa Pathogenesis and Biofilm Formation in Wounds
Infection with the Gram-negative pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in severely burned patients,
and the cause of debilitating chronic infections in diabetic patients. P. aeruginosa relies on an arsenal of cell-associated and secreted virulence factors to colonize
and infect its host, and it persists and invades the immune system by building biofilms.
We have recently shown that P. aeruginosa forms biofilm in burn wounds, specifically surrounding blood vessels and adipocytes.
Currently, we are focusing on characterizing the biofilms formed in chronic diabetic
Interkingdom signaling between P. aeruginosa Quorum Sensing Molecules and Host Cells
Quorum sensing (QS) is a cell density-dependent signaling process used by many bacteria
to coordinate gene expression in a population. QS in Gram-negative bacteria is controlled
by diffusible molecules called autoinducers (AI) that function as ligands for regulatable
transcription factors. At least two separate QS systems exist in P. aeruginosa, the LasI/LasR and RhlI/RhlR systems. The ligands for LasR and RhlR are N-3-oxododecanoyl-
and N-butyryl- homoserine lactones, or PAI-1 and PAI-2, respectively. Several studies
indicate that bacterial autoinducers, and PAI-1 in particular, can also influence
gene expression in host eukaryotic cells, a process we’ve termed interkingdom signaling.
We hypothesize that this regulatory process involves autoinducer receptor molecules
in the host cells, possibly transcription factors. We have shown that P. aeruginosa autoinducers can efficiently enter mammalian cells and modulate gene expression potentially
through the interaction of nuclear hormone receptors. In addition we have also recently
shown that the nematode C. elegans can sense bacterial autoinducers and use this sensory information to ‘learn’ to avoid
Quorum Sensing: Methods and Protocols
Since its early days in the 1990s, the Quorum Sensing (QS) field has grown from a
few dozen laboratories, investigating the pathways, proteins, and chemicals that facilitate
signaling in bacteria, to hundreds of groups that have integrated evolutionary biology,
computer science, mathematics, engineering, and metagenomics to create an ever-expanding
and dynamic field. In Quorum Sensing: Methods and Protocols, expert researchers provide
an in-depth set of diverse protocols that span this broad area of study. Broken into
three detailed sections, the volume covers the detection, isolation, and characterization
of the QS signals made by both Gram- and Gram+ bacteria, determination of the function
of QS signals in vivo, and the development of QS disruption strategies. Written in
the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology™ series format, chapters include
brief introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and
reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and expert tips
on troubleshooting and avoiding known experimental pitfalls. Comprehensive and cutting-edge,
Quorum Sensing: Methods and Protocols serves as an invaluable collection of easily
accessible techniques for scientists seeking to further our knowledge about bacterial
communication and its relation to humanity.
Antibiofilm Agents: From Diagnosis to Treatment and Prevention
This book provides a survey of recent advances in the development of antibiofilm agents
for clinical and environmental applications. The fact that microbes exist in structured
communities called biofilms has slowly become accepted within the medical community.
We now know that over 80% of all infectious diseases are biofilm-related; however,
significant challenges still lie in our ability to diagnose and treat these extremely
Written by experts from around the globe, this book offers a valuable resource for
medical professionals seeking to treat biofilm-related disease, academic and industry
researchers interested in drug discovery, and instructors who teach courses on microbial
pathogenesis and medical microbiology.
Fleming D, Chahin L, Rumbaugh K. Glycoside Hydrolases Degrade Polymicrobial Bacterial Biofilms in Wounds. Antimicrob
Agents Chemother. 2016 Nov 21. pii: AAC.01998-16. PMID:27872074
Trivedi U, Madsen JS, Rumbaugh KP, Wolcott RD, Burmølle M, Sørensen SJ. A post-planktonic era of in vitro infectious
models: issues and changes addressed by a clinically relevant wound like media. Crit
Rev Microbiol. 2016 Nov 21:1-13. PMID:27869519
Fleming D, Kesey J, Rumbaugh K, Dissanaike S. 2016. Comparing the Survivability of Lactobacillus Species in Various
Probiotic Delivery Vehicles. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2016 Sep 29. PMID:27687914
Wolcott R, Sanford N, Gabrilska R, Oates JL, Wilkinson JE, Rumbaugh KP. 2016. Microbiota is a primary cause of pathogenesis of chronic wounds. J Wound Care.
2016 Oct;25(Sup10):S33-S43. PMID:27681809
M.M. Ramsey, M.O. Freire, R.A. Gabrilska, K.P. Rumbaugh, K.P. Lemon. Staphylococcus aureus shifts toward commensalism in response to Corynebacterium species. Front Microbiol. 2016 Aug 17;7:1230. PMID:27582729
C. Watters, D. Fleming, D.Bishop, K. P. Rumbaugh. Host Responses to Biofilm. Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science.
A. Stacy, D. Fleming, R. J. Lamont, K. P. Rumbaugh, M. Whiteley. 2016. A commensal bacterium promotes virulence of an opportunistic pathogen
via cross-respiration. MBio. June 28:7(3). PMID:27353758
Snow DE, Everett J, Mayer G, Cox SB, Miller B, Rumbaugh K, Wolcott RA, Wolcott RD. The presence of biofilm structures in atherosclerotic plaques
of arteries from legs amputated as a complication of diabetic foot ulcers. J Wound
Care. 2016 Feb;25(2):S16-22. PMID:26878370
Rai A, Pinto S, Velho TR, Ferreira AF, Moita C, Trivedi U, Evangelista M, Comune M,
Rumbaugh KP, Simões PN, Moita L, Ferreira L. One-step synthesis of high-density peptide-conjugated
gold nanoparticles with antimicrobial efficacy in a systemic infection model. Biomaterials.
2016 Apr;85:99-110. PMID:26866877
Gabrilska R and Rumbaugh KP. Biofilm Models of Polymicrobial Infection. Future Microbiol. 2015. Dec;10:1997-2015.
Harrison F, Roberts AE, Gabrilska R, Rumbaugh KP, Lee C, Diggle SP. A 1,000-Year-Old Antimicrobial Remedy with Antistaphylococcal Activity.
MBio. 2015 Aug 11;6(4). PMID: 26265721
Clinton A and Rumbaugh KP. Interspecies and Interkingdom Signaling via Quorum Signals. Israel Journal of Chemistry.
2015. 21 APR 2015.DOI: 10.1002/ijch.201400132
Watters C, Yuan TT, Rumbaugh KP. Beneficial and deleterious bacterial–host interactions in chronic wound pathophysiology.
Chronic Wound Care Management and Research. 2015 April, Volume 2:53-62.
DeLeon S, Clinton A, Fowler H, Everett J, Horswill AR, Rumbaugh KP. Synergistic Interactions of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus in an In Vitro Wound Model. Infect Immun. 2014 Aug 25. pii: IAI.02198-14. PMID:25156721
Rumbaugh KP. Biofilms in the ICU. SWRCCC. 2014; 2(6):15-18. doi: 10.12746/swrccc2014.0206.067
Turner KH, Everett J, Trivedi U, Rumbaugh KP, Whiteley M. Requirements for Pseudomonas aeruginosa Acute Burn and Chronic Surgical Wound Infection. PLoS Genet. 2014 Jul 24;10(7):e1004518.
Trivedi U, Parameswaran S, Armstrong A, Burgueno-Vega D, Griswold J, Dissanaike S,
Rumbaugh KP. Prevalence of Multiple Antibiotic Resistant Infections in Diabetic versus Nondiabetic
Wounds. J Pathog. 2014;2014:173053. PMID: 25054067
Rumbaugh KP. Genomic complexity and plasticity ensure Pseudomonas success. FEMS Microbiol Lett.
2014 Jul;356(2):141-3. PMID: 25060810
Everett JA, Rumbaugh KP. “Biofilms, Quorum Sensing and Crosstalk in Medically-Important Microbes” (Chapter
14), in Tang Y, Liu D, Poxton IR, Schwartzman JD, and Sussman (eds.), “Molecular Medical
Microbiology, 2nd Ed., 2014.
Rumbaugh KP and Armstrong A. “The Role of Quorum Sensing in Biofilm Development”, in Rumbaugh,
K.P. and Ahmad, I. (eds). Antibiofilm Agents: From diagnosis to treatment and prevention
(Springer Series on Biofilms) pgs.97-113. 2014. Springer, Humana Press, New York,
NY. ISBN: 978-3-642-53832-2
Stacy A, Everett J, Jorth P, Trivedi U, Rumbaugh KP, Whiteley M. Bacterial fight-and-flight responses enhance virulence in a polymicrobial
infection. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 May 13. pii: 201400586. [Epub ahead of print].
Gawande PV, Clinton AP, LoVetri K, Yakandawala N, Rumbaugh KP, Madhyastha S. Antibiofilm Efficacy of DispersinB® Wound Spray Used in Combination
with a Silver Wound Dressing. Microbiology Insights 2014:7, 9-13. PMID: 24826078
Watters C, Everett JA, Haley C, Clinton A, Rumbaugh KP. Insulin Treatment Modulates the Host Immune System To Enhance Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Wound Biofilms. Infect Immun. 2014 Jan;82(1):92-100.
Jorth P, Trivedi U, Rumbaugh K, Whiteley M. Probing bacterial metabolism during infection using high-resolution
transcriptomics. J Bacteriol. 2013 Aug 23. [Epub ahead of print]. PMID:23974023
Ilangovan A, Fletcher M, Rampioni G, Pustelny C, Rumbaugh K, Heeb S, Cámara M, Truman A, Chhabra SR, Emsley J, Williams P. Structural Basis for
Native Agonist and Synthetic Inhibitor Recognition by the Pseudomonas aeruginosa Quorum Sensing Regulator PqsR (MvfR). PLoS Pathog. 2013 Jul;9(7):e1003508. PMID:23935486
Filiatrault MJ, Tombline G, Wagner VE, Van Alst N, Rumbaugh K, Sokol P, Schwingel J, Iglewski BH. 2013. Pseudomonas aeruginosa PA1006, Which Plays a Role in Molybdenum Homeostasis, Is Required for Nitrate Utilization,
Biofilm Formation, and Virulence. PLoS One.8(2):e55594. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0055594.
Epub 2013 Feb 8. PMID:23409004
A. Korgaonkar , U. Trivedi , K.P. Rumbaugh, M. Whiteley. 2013. Community surveillance enhances P. aeruginosa virulence during polymicrobial infection. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Jan 15;110(3):1059-64.
Watters C., Deleon K., Trivedi U., Griswold J.A., Lyte M., Hampel K.J., Wargo M.J.,
Rumbaugh K.P. 2012. Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms perturb wound resolution and antibiotic tolerance in diabetic mice. Med
Microbiol Immunol. Sep 25. [Epub ahead of print]
Luckett, J.C.A, Darch, O., Watters, C., AbuOun, M., Ward, J., Goto, H., Heeb, S.,
Pommier, S., Rumbaugh, K., Camara, M., and Hardie, K.R. 2012. A novel virulence strategy for Pseudomonas aeruginosa mediated by an autotransporter with arginine-specific aminopeptidase activity. PLoS
Pathogens. Aug;8(8):e1002854. PMID: 22927813
Padmanabhan V, Khan ZS, Solomon DE, Armstrong A, Rumbaugh KP, Vanapalli SA, Blawzdziewicz J. 2012. Locomotion of C. elegans: A Piecewise-Harmonic Curvature Representation of Nematode Behavior. PLoS One. 2012;7(7):e40121.
Rumbaugh KP, Trivedi U, Watters C, Burton-Chellew MN, Diggle SP, West SA. 2012. Kin selection,
quorum sensing and virulence in pathogenic bacteria. Proc Biol Sci. Sep 7;279(1742):3584-8.
Stevens AM, Schuster M, Rumbaugh KP. 2012. Working together for the common good: cell-cell communication in bacteria.
J Bacteriol. May;194(9):2131-41. PMID:22389476
Rumbaugh, K.P., Kaufmann, G.F. 2012. Exploitation of host signaling pathways by microbial quorum
sensing signals. Curr Opin Microbiol. Apr;15(2):162-8. PMID: 22204809
Dalton, T., Dowd, S. E., Wolcott, R.D., Sun, Y., Watters, C., Griswold, J.A. and Rumbaugh, K.P. 2011. An in vivo polymicrobial biofilm wound infection model to study interspecies
interactions. PLoS One. 6(11):e27317. PMID:22076151
Ramsey, M.C., Rumbaugh, K.P. and Whiteley, M. 2011. Metabolic cross-feeding enhances virulence in a model polymicrobial
infection. PLoS Pathogens Mar;7(3):e1002012. PMID:21483753
Rumbaugh K.P. Fatal attraction: bacterial bait lures worms to their death. Proc Natl Acad Sci U
S A. 2010 Sep 21;107(38):16411-2. Epub 2010 Sep 7.
Bryan, A., Koenig, L., Youn, E., Olmos, A., Li, G., Williams, S. C. and Rumbaugh, K.P. Human transcriptome analysis reveals a potential role for active transport in the
metabolism of Pseudomonas aeruginosa autoinducers. Microbes Infect. 2010 Jul 24. [Epub ahead of print]
Teplitski, M., Mathesius, U. and Rumbaugh, K.P. Quorum sensing signal perception by mammalian and plant cells. Chem Rev. Chem Rev.
2010 Jun 10. [Epub ahead of print]
Rampioni, G., Pustelny, C., Fletcher, M.P., Wright, V. J., Bruce, M., Rumbaugh, K.P., Heeb, S., Camara, M., and Williams, P. 2010. Transcriptomic analysis reveals a global
alkyl-quinolone-independent regulatory role for PqsE in facilitating the environmental
adaptation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to plant and animal hosts. Environ Microbiol. April 7. [Epub ahead of print]
Rumbaugh, K.P. and Carty, N. L. In vivo models of biofilm infection. In: Biofilm Infections. 2010.
Springer, New York, NY. In press.
Jahoor, A., Williams, S.C., and Rumbaugh, K.P. Microbial signaling compounds as endocrine effectors. In: Microbial Endocrinology,
Interkingdom Signaling in Infectious Disease and Health. 2010. Springer, New York,
Wolcott, R.D.,Rumbaugh, K.P., James, G., Schultz, G., Phillips, P., Yang, Q., Watters, C., Stewart, P. S. and
Dowd, S. E. 2010. Biofilm maturity studies indicate sharp debridement opens a time-dependent
therapeutic window. J Wound Care 19(8) 320-328.
Rumbaugh, K.P., Diggle, S. P., Watters, C. W., Ross-Gillespie, A., Griffin, A. S. and West, S.A.
2009. Quorum sensing and the social evolution of bacterial virulence. Current Biology.
DeLeon, K., Watters, C., Baldin, F., Hamood, A., Griswold, J., Sreedharan, S., and
Rumbaugh, K.P.. 2009. Efficacy of gallium maltolate in treating Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection in a thermally-injured mouse model. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. Apr; 53(4):1331-1337.
Rumbaugh, K.P., 2009. Should we be afraid of the Green Monster? Crit Care Med. May;37(5):1826-7.
Jahoor A., Patel R., Bryan, A., Do C., Krier J., Watters C., Wahli W., Li, G., Williams
S.C. ,Rumbaugh, K.P. 2008. Peroxisome Proliferator Activated Receptors Mediate Host Cell Pro-inflammatory
Responses to P. aeruginosa Autoinducer. 2008. J Bacteriol. Jan 4.
Rumbaugh, K.P. 2007. Convergence of Hormones and Autoinducers at the Host/Pathogen Interface. Anal
Bioanal Chem. 387(2): 425-435.
Schaber J.A., Triffo W.J., Suh S.J., Oliver J.W., Hastert M.C., Griswold J.A., Auer
M., Hamood A.N., Rumbaugh, K.P. 2007. Pseudomonas aeruginosa forms Biofilms in Acute Infection Independently of Cell-to-Cell Signaling. Infect
Immun. 75(8)p. 3715-21.
Shiner, E.K., Terentyev, D., Bryan, A., Sennoune, S., Martinez-Zaguilan, R., Li, G.,
Gyorke, S., Williams, S.C. and Rumbaugh, K.P. 2006. Pseudomonas aeruginosa Autoinducer Modulates Host Cell Responses through Calcium Signaling. Cellular Microbiol.
Beale, E., Li, G., Tan, M.W., Rumbaugh, K.P. 2006. Caenorhabditis elegans Senses Bacterial Autoinducers. Appl Environ Microbiol. 72(7):5135-7.
Shiner, E.K., Rumbaugh, K.P., and S. C. Williams. 2005. Interkingdom Signaling: deciphering the language of homoserine
lactones. FEMS Microbiol Rev. 29(5):935-47.
Haynes, A., Ruda, F., Oliver, J., Hamood. A.N., Griswold, J.A., Park, P.W., Rumbaugh, K.P. 2005. Syndecan-1 Shedding Contributes to Pseudomonas aeruginosa Sepsis. Infect Immun. 73(12):7914-21.
Haynes, A., Rumbaugh, K.P., Park, W. P., Hamood, A. N., Griswold, J. A. 2005. Protamine sulfate reduces the
susceptibility of thermally injured mice to Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection. J. Surg. Res. 123: 109-117.
Shiner, E.K., S. Reddy, C. Timmons, G. Li, S.C. Williams, and Rumbaugh, K.P. 2004. Construction of a bacterial autoinducer detection system in mammalian cells.
Biol Proced Online. 6:268-276.
Williams, S.C. Patterson, E. K., Carty, N.L., Griswold, J. A., Hamood, A. N. and Rumbaugh, K.P. 2004. Pseudomonas aeruginosa autoinducer enters and functions in mammalian cells. J. Bacteriol. 186(8): 2281-7.
Rumbaugh, K.P. 2004. The Language of Bacteria…and Just About Everything Else. The Scientist. 18(17):26-27.
Rumbaugh, K.P., A. N. Hamood and J. A. Griswold. 2004. Cytokine Induction by the P. aeruginosa quorum sensing system during thermal injury. J Surg Res. 116:137-144.
Rumbaugh, K.P., J. A. Colmer, J. A. Griswold, and A. N. Hamood 2001. The effects of infection of
thermal injury by Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 on the murine cytokine response. Cytokine. 16:160-168.
Rumbaugh, K.P., J. A. Griswold, and A. N. Hamood 2000. The role of quorum sensing in the in vivo
virulence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Microbes Infect. 2:1-11.
Rumbaugh, K.P., J. A. Griswold, B. H. Iglewski, and A. N. Hamood. 1999. Contribution of quorum sensing
to the virulence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in burn wound infection. Infect. Immun. 67:5854-5862.
Rumbaugh, K.P., J. Griswold, and A. Hamood. 1999. Contribution of the regulatory gene lasR to the
pathogenesis of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection of burned mice. J Burn Care Rehabil. 20:42-49.
Rumbaugh, K.P., J. A. Griswold, and A. N. Hamood. 1999. Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains obtained from patients with tracheal, urinary tract, and wound infection:
variations in virulence factors and virulence gene. J. Hosp. Infect. 43:211-218.
Rumbaugh, K.P., A. N. Hamood, and J. A. Griswold. 1999. Analysis of Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical isolates for possible variations within the virulence genes exotoxin A and
exoenzyme S. J Surg Res. 82:95-105.