Interprofessional is defined as a group of individuals from different disciplines
working and communicating with each other individuals. In the interprofessional learning
environment each member provides his/her knowledge, skills, and attitudes to augment
and support the contributions of others (Hall and Weaver, 2001).
Interprofessional Education (IPE)
“Interprofessional Education is defined as learning occurring when two or more professions
learn with, from and about each other to improve collaboration and the quality of
care” (CAIPE, 2002). Effective Interprofessional education improves quality of patient
care, focuses on the needs of the learners and learners are active participants in
assessing, planning, delivering, and evaluating IPE.
As defined in the Institute of Medicine’s (IOM) Report, Health Professions Education: A Bridge to Quality, (2003) an interdisciplinary (Interprofessional) team is “composed of members from
different professions and occupations with varied and specialized knowledge, skills,
and methods.” (p. 54) Members of an Interprofessional team communicate and work together,
as colleagues, to provide quality, individualized care for patients.
As defined by the IOM (2003), Interprofessional teamwork is defined as a collaborative
interaction among interprofessional team members to provide quality, individualized
care for patients.
Teamwork is defined as the interaction and relationships between two or more health
professionals who work interdependently to provide safe, quality patient care. Teamwork
includes the interrelated set of specific knowledge (cognitive competencies), skills
(affective competencies), and attitudes (behavioral competencies) required for an
interprofessional team to function as a unit (Salas, DiazGranados, Weaver, and King,
Teams are defined as healthcare professionals working interdependently to achieve
specified, shared objectives. The achievement of the shared objectives requires team
members to share multiple sources of information, systematic communication, coordination,
and cooperation (Salas, DiazGranados, Weaver, and King, 2008).