The Texas Tech University School of Medicine was created by the 61st Texas Legislature in May 1969 as a multi-campus institution with Lubbock as the administrative center and with regional campuses at Amarillo, El Paso and Odessa. In 1979, the charter was expanded to become the Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center (TTUHSC), leading the way for establishment of the Schools of Nursing and Health Professions, and the Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences. In 1993, the School of Pharmacy was founded in Amarillo but has expanded its program to Dallas, Lubbock and Abilene.
The five schools are committed to regionalized, multi-campus educational experiences, and to the related biomedical research, graduate studies, patient care and community service required of a health sciences center. The Health Sciences Center has as its major objectives the provision of quality education and the development of academic, research, patient care and community service programs to meet the health care needs of West Texas. The service area for TTUHSC includes 108 counties or 131,000 square miles with a population of 2.6 million.