GSBS Programs in Lubbock | Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center

Life in Lubbock

Check out the City of Lubbock

Lubbock History and Information

Lubbock, Texas is located in the heart of the high plains of West Texas (elevation ~3,300 feet). Located only 80 miles east of New Mexico and 120 miles south of Amarillo, this canyon-pocked mesa was first discovered in 1540 by the Spanish explorer Francisco Vázquez de Coronado during his quest for the "City of Gold." It was the Spanish who named most of the major geographic features of the area, including Cañon Casas Amarillas (Yellow House Canyon), Cañon de Rescate (Ransom Canyon), and Llano Estacado (Staked Plains).  Prior to late 1800's, the Apache, Comanche, Kiowa, and Cheyenne Nations dominated this region where they roamed the high plains living off the large populations of buffalo, antelope, wolves, and coyotes. Indeed, the Lubbock Lake Landmark State Historical Park houses an active archaeological site that has uncovered the remains of an ancient Native American civilization dating back more than 12,000 years. The city of Lubbock was named after Tom S. Lubbock who was a Texas Ranger and signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence. The city began as two smaller towns named "Old Lubbock" and "Monterey" which were consolidated in 1890 to establish the town of Lubbock. As agriculture continued to grow within the region and as the railroads continued to expand, Lubbock became the marketing center of the region and earned the nick-name "Hub of the Plains".

In 1923, the citizens of Lubbock were successful in their bid to the state to establish a new college, called Texas Technological College (now called Texas Tech University). The college opened its doors in 1925 with 1,379 students. In 1976, Texas Tech University underwent a major expansion with the establishment of the Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center which is now a world-renowned medical school. Known as the "Music Crossroads of West Texas," Lubbock has produced many musical legends, including Lubbock's son, Buddy Holly, who attracted followers and inspired musicians all around the world. Other well-known Lubbock musicians include Mac Davis, Waylon Jennings, Delbert McClinton, the Dixie Chicks, Jimmie Dale Gilmore, Joe Ely, Tanya Tucker, Lloyd Maines, Terry Allen, Butch Hancock, The Maines Brothers, and Bob Wills. Thousands of visitors come to Lubbock every year to experience the great music, shopping, fine arts, performing arts, unique dining, Big XII sports, and entertainment. The population of greater Lubbock has continued to grow over the past five decades and is currently home to more than 300,000 people.